Vernacular architecture is defined as a dynamic form of architecture that strays away from the roots of traditional architecture. It is architectural dynamism in several forms and variables. It mainly takes its roots from the local setting that it is being made in, which is the utilisation of local materials and forces of nature that can be organically encapsulated into something different.
It started, historically, when untrained skilled workers started building their own residential houses for themselves and their large families and today it has been moulded into so many traditions of thought and has incomparable spheres of imagination that can be put into it.
It is an attempt to break the traditional art forms of architecture that are now used ninety per cent more in the industry.
Present-day vernacular designs mostly focus on the ease of living, minimalistic, refreshing designs that are essentially sustainable or one with nature.
These designs are an excellent start in the AEC industry making it a stepping stone to sustainable living.
The world of architecture is not dictated by the norms and rules of a subsystem or a century, it is always reshaping itself into something new. This art form is called vernacular design concept and we are here to decode how to incorporate the art of vernacular architecture:
UNCONTROLLED METROPOLITAN INNOVATIONS
These are some of the most famous structures in the world's most populated cities and have been essentially defined as a cornerstone in the vernacular art form of architecture. These buildings have a tall and lean structure that is made out of a lightweight facade.
the primary building materials remain blocks of cement, metal, steel and glass but if we closely analyse these materials they are lightweight, mostly reclaimed and define a different alloy from the traditional building materials that are mostly used in buildings.
One of the most famous cities that is known for its vernacular architecture is Dubai which has managed to make it mesmerising large and tall buildings in a desert.
LOCAL HISTORY AND CULTURE MADE BUILDINGS
There is a lot of love and tradition and familial values that passes onto the local architecture of the place to make coherent communities. Local is not welcomed in the world of architecture and it has been proved to be more fruitful when a society’s identity, customs, local produce, and materials are all utilised to make their buildings.
Powerful historical patronage of architecture is more diverse than the most diverse bandwagon of colours. Diversity in architecture includes non-western ideas and practices in buildings all over the world. Architecture is a product of various places, people, cultures, and religions: it is symbolic and a realisation of personnel identity that is one with our culture. The dialect of the people is most important in vernacular designs whether it be the earthen civilisation of India or Greece, or the use of marbles and precious colourful glasses in Moroccan designs, whether it be simplistic floor to ceiling designs of Japanese and Chinese culture or giant underground houses of the middle eastern countries. Architecture, vernacular in general is the essence of understanding people.
VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE TOWARD SUSTAINABILITY
The movement toward a more sustainable form of construction has been one with the concepts of vernacular designs. Many places have adopted non-traditional methods of application of architectural techniques to make larger establishments and even local ones.
Sustainable architecture is all about making more responsible, sustainable and greener choices in the short and long term to usher in permanent changes in the way build and design keeping in mind what's best for the environment.
Complying with the need for sustainable and greener architecture, a lot of new building materials are venturing into the market as alternatives to what we may typically use, packed with eco-friendly features. One of the categories that has been powering through the most is that of plant-based building materials. Derived naturally, these materials are useful and equally responsible.
DIVERSITY AND COHESION
The crossover of the architectural genesis of various cultures and traditions because of the increasing interconnectedness and migration has resulted in the most wholesome form of architectural metaverse that is sustainable, diverse in terms of design and more prominent and durable. Vernacular design is unpredictable.
It is not only local but also diverse in the spectrums of art that it can be construed from anti-gravity designs inspired by nature to the secrets from the history of civilisation on how to make durable structures. Its a part of community engagement and should mirror day to day lifestyle of people; social, economic and political to make buildings for the masses in innovative forms. One of the examples is the hybrid building in China showing the interlinking between urban spaces and residences.
NEW AGE TECHNOLOGY WITH DIGITAL IMPRINTS
Who would have thought that we could produce a surfing board or a whole house from 3- dimensional printing technology? Vernacular architecture is shattering the concepts of the four walls of architecture that have been known and engaging in brighter and futuristic properties of nature. The materials incorporated are usually to substitute the conventional building materials to create a sustainable product that is equally if not more productive and efficient.
3D printing is known to build lightweight materials that are always essential for construction activities and it offers a multitude of design patterns that are difficult to make by hand. Complex geometric, gravity-defying, lightweight, hollow and light materials can be formed through this technology.